In China, where the ideology of preferring boys was greatly influenced, it was argued that 30 million men could become ‘passive singles’ unable to find a partner due to the long-term gender imbalance.
According to the Economic Observatory on the 12th, Professor Yuanxin of Nankai University, Vice President of the Chinese Population Association, said in a recent media interview, “Over the past 40 years, China has experienced a serious gender imbalance, which has resulted in more than 30 million men being unable to take Chinese women as wives.” “It is not a situation,” he said.
According to the Chinese Statistical Yearbook, China’s sex ratio at birth (number of males per 100 females) in 1982 was 108.5, exceeding the upper limit of 107, which is the upper limit of the optimal sex ratio, and soaring to 121.2 in 2004.
The birth control policy of allowing only one child was abolished in 2015, and the preference for boys fell to 108.3 in 2021, but the gender imbalance remains.
In addition, the annual average sex ratio at birth among the 799 million people born from 1980 to 2021 was 114.4, with 34 to 35 million more men born than women during this 42-year period.
Professor Yuan analyzed that this means that among the men born during this period, at least 30 million were unable to find a spouse in China and were forced to remain unwelcomely single.
China’s gender imbalance problem surfaced in September 2021 when children aged 3 to 5 began entering kindergarten. In extreme cases, it is reported that there are 30 boys and 1 girl in one class. As of 2020, the gender ratio of elementary school students in China was 52 for males and 46 for females in large cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, and Shenzhen.
Professor Yuanshin said that as men find it difficult to토토사이트 find a spouse, the cost of marriage, such as ‘chairi’ (dowry given by the groom to the bride at the wedding), increases, and maintenance of a stable family becomes a challenge, leading to an increase in divorce. “It could lead to this,” he said.
He continued, “Policy incidents caused by single young and middle-aged men trying to satisfy their physiological needs can undermine social stability, and the unstable life of those without spouses or descendants can become a social problem in their later years,” adding, “Looking at foreign cases, single people have a difficult life. “Their motivation is low, and they tend to meet only the minimum needs for survival,” he said.
He emphasized, “The popular belief that single people have stronger spending power is not true,” and added, “Society must respond actively to resolve gender ratio imbalance, and the problem of gender ratio imbalance must be resolved through a management model of national integration.”
According to the Chinese state-run news agency Xinhua on the 8th, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party, recently signed the ‘Military Measures to Implement the Population and Family Planning Law of the People’s Republic of China’ in his capacity as chairman of the Central Military Commission.
This measure was intended to encourage marriage and childbirth among soldiers of marriageable age, and allowed them to have up to three children.
This appears to have been influenced by the decline in China’s birth population and number of marriages. Last year, China’s birth population was only 9.56 million, falling below 10 million for the first time in 73 years since the Chinese Communist regime was established in 1949.
The number of marriages in 2022 also decreased by 800,000 from the previous year to 6.83 million, a sharp decrease of about half from 2013 (13.46 million) nine years ago.